ARUNACHAL PRADESH
The Land of Dawnlit Mountains
ARUNACHAL
The Land of Dawnlit Mountains

Arunachal Pradesh is one of the 29 states of India holding the most north-eastern position among the other states in the north-east region of India. Arunachal Pradesh borders the states of Assam and Nagaland to the south, and shares international borders with Bhutan in the west, Myanmar in the east and China in the north. Itanagar is the capital of the state.

Arunachal Pradesh, which translates to "land of the dawn-lit mountains", is also known as the Orchid State of India or the Paradise of the Botanists. Geographically, it is the largest among the North-east Indian states. As in other parts of Northeast India, the people native to the state trace their origins from the Tibeto-Burman people.

Arunachal Pradesh finds its mention in the literature of Kalika Purana and the great Hindu Epic Mahabharata. It is believed to be the Prabhu Mountains of the Puranas. According to a Hindu mythological legend, Arunachal Pradesh was the place where sage Parshuram washed away his sin, sage Vyasa meditated, King Bhishmaka founded his kingdom and Lord Krishna married his consort Rukmini. Ruled by many powerful dynasties and kingdoms, Arunachal Pradesh India is dotted with innumerable historical monuments and archeological remains, which bear testimony to its rich cultural heritage.

Population (2011): 1,382,611

Literacy: 66.95%

Official language: English

Established: 20 February 1987

Flora and Fauna:

The wide variety of altitudinal and climatic conditions have given rise to different forest types which create corresponding natural shelter, food etc. to varieties of wildlife.It is perhaps the only state which harbors four major cats i.e. tiger, leopard, clouded leopard and snow leopard and also rare lesser feline species like the Golden cat and marbled cat. Seven species of primates i.e. hoolock gibbon, slow loris, Assemese macaque, stumptailed macaque and capped langur have been reported from Arunachal Pradesh.

All the three goat antelopes occurring in India i.e. serow, goral and takin occur in Arunachal Pradesh. Arunachal Pradesh is the only place in India where takin is found. Highly endangered species like hispid hare have been reported from the low latitudinal grassy areas of Arunachal Pradesh. Among the large mammals mittan, which is a cross between the wild gaur and domestic cattle, buffalo and elephant are found in the plains and adjoining hills.

The other high altitude animals include musk deer, bharal, Himalayan black bear, red panda etc. The musk deer occurs at high altitudes throughout the state, whereas the bharal has been reported occurring in the western part of the state. Among the lesser mammals large number of rodents (squirrels, porcupine and rats), civet, mongoose, linsang, shrew and bat species occur here.

More than 500 bird species have been recorded in Arunachal Pradesh, many of which are highly endangered and restricted to this state e.g. White winged duck, sclater monal, temminck's tragopan, Bengal florican. This is the richest state in pheasants with some 10 species occupying different levels from plains to snow clad mountains.

Weather & Rainfall

Rainy Season : May – September (about 2,000 to 4,000 mm) Summer: March - May, maximum temperature recorded in the foothills: 40ºC; Winters: 15ºC to 21ºC. The areas sited at high altitude become immensely cold during winters.

Best time to Visit: October-March.

How to reach

By Air: The nearest airport is Lilabari (North Lakhimpur) Tezpur Airport in Assam, which is connected to Kolkata. Few low cost airlines and full service carriers operate regular flights to these airports from all prime cities of India.

By Rail: The nearest railway station is Harmuty, which is only 33 km from Itanagar. North Lakhimpur in Assam is the most convenient railhead.

By Road: At a distance of 10 km from Itanagar is the Naharlagun bus station. The excellent network of roads links Naharlagun with other important places like Shillong, Guwahati, Ziro, North Lakhimpur and Bomdila.

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