Agartala is the capital of the Indian state of Tripura and is the second largest city in North-east India after Guwahati, both in municipal area and population. Agartala is a component of two words, namely Agar, a kind of oily valuable perfume tree, + suffix tala, a store house. The city is governed by the Agartala Municipal Corporation. Agartala lies on the bank of the Haora River and is located 2 km from the Bangladesh border.
The overall area of the Agartala Municipal Corporation was 76.504 Square Km and the population was 438,408 after the completion of the restructuring of the Agartala Municipal Corporation in 2013. The percentage of literacy according to 2011 census was 93.88, higher than the national literacy rate.
Perched on the banks of River Howrah, the low-key capital city of Tripura-Agartala- entices the excursionists and sightseers with its past splendor. As the name Agartala derived from the words Agar and tala consisting of heavy density of Agaru tree, Agar was referred in the context of great king Raghu who tied up his Elephant feet with Agar tree on the banks of Lauhitya. One of the earliest kings of Agartala was Patardan B.C. 1900 it was the time long before the Manikya Dynasties. Chitrarath, Drikpati, Dharmapha, Loknath Jivandharan were the important king during the time of B.C. in Agartala.
In and around Agartala:
The Heritage Park, spread over twelve acre of land,is located at the centre of the city, on the northern side of Raj Bhawan on the Agartala-GBP Hospital road. This park was inaugurated on the 30th November 2012 by the Hon’ble Chief Minister, Tripura. Entrance to the park has an imposing gate constructed with depicting the rich tribal, nontribal mixed cultural heritage of Tripura, both tribal and non-tribal. The park has three parts, viz. (i) mini-Tripura located in about three acre of land at the entrance, (ii) central area being raised as natural forest, and (iii) a plain table land with medicinal plants, herbs and shrubs. There is a walking track of 1.1 kilometer running along the periphery of the park.
This royal house, which stands in the Capital city Agartala covering 1(one) sq.Km. area was built by Maharaja Radha Kishore Manikya during 1899-1901. It is a two storied mansion, having a mixed type of architecture with three high domes, the central one being 86’ high. The magnificent tile floor, curved wooden ceiling and beautifully crafted doors are particularly notable. The palace is set with huge Mughal style gardens, beautified by pools and gardens. Flood lighting and fountains have also added to its beauty.
It is a science museum located in the heart of Agartala town. A small planetarium has also been set up within the complex to attract students, research scholars and scientist.
In order to achieve the objectives of promoting Science, Arts & Culture through the active involvement of the children in Science, Arts & Culture, the Government of Tripura took a decision to develop a centre named Sukanta Academy with necessary infrastructure in Children’s Park of Agartala. The foundation stone of the said was laid down by Sri Nripen Chakroborty, the then Chief Minister of Tripura in the year 1986.
How to reach
By Air:The state capital, Agartala is well connected by air with Kolkata, Guwahati, Delhi and Chennai. The airport is 12 kms away from the city. A flight from Guwahati or Kolkata takes about 50 minutes to reach Agartala.The state has three more small airports at Khowai, Kamalpur and Kailashahar where small-chartered planes can land but they are not functional at present. But helicopter service is functional in these places presently.
By Rail: From Lumding, Silchar and Dharmanagar. Passenger Reservation System (PRS) is available at Agartala, Udaipur and Dharmanagar. Unreserved Ticketing System (UTS) is functional in all stations except Mungiakami.
By Road: Tripura is also connected by road with Guwahati via Shillong by national highway no. 44. It takes about 24 hours by road from Guwahati to reach Agartala. Good luxury coaches, both of private travel agencies and public sector Transport Corporation including tourist cabs, jeeps, and small segment cars of all the major automobile companies ply on this road. Agartala is 1645 kms from Kolkata, 587 kms from Guwahati, 487 kms from Shillong and 250 kms from Silchar while the distance between Agartala and Dhaka (capital of Bangladesh) is just 150 kms.